The Observatory on para-subordinate workers of INPS has been updated to the year 20 20, which reports the performance of the 2015-2020 period of information on professionals and collaborators registered in the separate management. The total number of taxpaying parasubordinate workers (professionals plus collaborators) went from 1,434,856 in 2015 to 1,333,554 in 2020. The data shows a reduction in collaborators
from 2015 to 2016 (-17.4%), a stabilization in 2017 (+ 0.1%), an increase between 2017 and 2018 (+ 2.4%) and a slight growth between 2018 and 2019 (+ 0.8%) and again a reduction between 2019 and 2020 (-1.7%).
The professionals, on the contrary, show an increase from 2015 to 2020 amounted to 24.2%. These variations are due both to the dynamics of the labor market and to interventions by the legislator. First of all, the Fornero reform (Law 92/2012) which introduced restrictions on project collaborations, subsequently the Jobs Act (Law Decree 81/2015) which further regulated the matter. These provisions have led to a “squeeze” on collaborations.Furthermore, an effect on the trends in the number of collaborators and professionals is also due to the continuous changes in the contribution rates.
The share of women decreased in the type of collaborators while it increased in that of professionals: in 2015 they were 39.1% among collaborators and 41.9% among professionals; in 2020 these values are respectively 36.8% and 45.5%. As regards age, in the period 2015 – 2020 the aggregate figure of collaborators and professionals shows that the under 30s have decreased by 15.3%, by 7.3% the workers between 30 and 59 years old, while for those from 60 onwards there was a slight growth (+ 1.6%).
From a geographical point of view, Between 2015 and 2020 decreased compared to the three macro-areas is as follows: -6.6% in the North, -8.8% in the Center and -6.1% in the South.
For employees, there is a growing average income, while for professionals there was a slight reduction until 2017, a slight recovery in 2018 and 2019 and a substantial decrease in 2020 attributable to the effects of the pandemic.